Donald's Encyclopedia of Popular Music

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

MITCHELL, Red

(b Keith Moore Mitchell, 20 Sep. '27, NYC; d 8 Nov. '92) Bass, also piano and vocals. Played piano with Chubby Jackson, bass with Charlie Ventura, Woody Herman, Red Norvo, Gerry Mulligan, all '49--55; with Hampton Hawes '55--7, co-led quintet with Harold Land, worked with Hawes again, relocated to Europe. A superb technician, his hornlike projection, five-string bass and tuning in fifths instead of fourths were influential. Albums as leader on Bethlehem '55, Pacific Jazz '60 with Jim Hall, Atlantic '61 with Land, also Presenting Red Mitchell '57 on Contemporary, now on Fantasy. Several European LPs incl. Meets Guido Manusardi '74 (pianist; also on Pausa in USA), Chocolate Cadillac '76 on Steeplechase, with Idrees Sulieman, Horace Parlan, others on Swedish Sonet, Caprice, Phontastic labels, etc; Empathy '80 on Gryphon with guitarist Joe Beck and solo When I'm Singing '82 on Enja were made in NYC; Holiday For Monica '83 on Phontastic had Parlan, Nisse Sandstr”m on tenor, vocals by Monica Zetterland. Simple Isn't Easy '83 was a solo piano album on Sunnyside. Dragon CDs incl. Live In Stockholm '90 with pianist Roger Kellaway and tenor saxist Joakim Milder; gorgeous duo albums with Warne Marsh were on Fresh Sound and Steeplechase. His brother Whitey (b Gordon B. Mitchell, 22 Feb. '32) also played bass, made LP on ABC '56 with sextet incl. Steve Lacy; became a successful comedy writer and film producer. He once had a card printed which said, 'Yes, I'm Red Mitchell's brother. No, I haven't seen him lately.'