Donald's Encyclopedia of Popular Music

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

HAYES, Edgar

(b 23 May '05, Lexington KY; d 28 June '79, San Bernardino CA) Pianist, bandleader. Attended Fisk, Wilberforce Universities; from early '20s worked as sideman, led pit band at Harlem's Alhambra theatre; with Lucky Millinder, then formed own band '37, initially with Kenny Clarke, Dizzy Gillespie, Earl Bostic, reedman/arr. Joe Garland (b 15 Aug. '03, Norfolk VA; d 21 April '77, Teaneck NJ). Recording for Decca '37--8 the band incl. Clarke, Garland, veteran trombonist Clyde Bernhardt (b 11 July '05, Goldhill NC; d 20 May '86, also played with Fats Waller, Jay McShann, Claude Hopkins, Dud Bascomb; recorded as Ed Barron, led own band '50s, still playing '80s), reedman Rudy Powell (b 28 Oct. '07, NYC; d 30 Oct. '76; with Waller '34--7, many others). Last recording session '38 incl. hit with corny arr. of 'Stardust'; flip side was Garland arr. of time-honoured riff which he called 'In The Mood': British writer C. H. Rolph heard it played '19 by cinema orchestras in London; it appeared on record as Wingy Manone's 'Tar Paper Stomp' '30 (aka 'Wingy's Stomp'), then Horace Henderson's 'Hot And Anxious', recorded by Fletcher Henderson '31, Don Redman '32. Garland's arr. was covered '39 by Glenn Miller and became the biggest hit of the whole Swing Era, but Hayes's disc had more soul. He toured Europe '38, led band till '41, moved to West Coast '42, worked solo, led combos; co-led band at Billy Berg's LA with guitarist Teddy Bunn '46. Active into '70s, playing mainly solo dates at clubs, restaurants.